Figure above illustrates various grid architectures, from the traditional centralised where data and power flows are unidirectional to the holonic where data and power flow can be bi-directional; e.g. from an IED to the centralised data store or from a substation to substation. A holonic architecture includes a hierarchical and distributed set of holons – which are autonomous, communicating entities that pursue objectives (technical and business) and can self-adapt to varying environmental conditions. Such architectures are therefore intrinsically effective in meeting the requirements of flexibility, scalability, resilience, openness and practicality of the next generation smart grid.
At the heart of MAS2TERING is the application of the design principles from these self-organising holonic architectures to the design of the multi-purpose grid management platform design.

The work in MAS2TERING on this aspect will comprise:

  • The design of the holonic architecture of the MAS2TERING platform based on a combination of
    state-of-the-art review, engagement with industry stakeholders, review of standards and protocols
    and the three case studies (WP2);
  • Integration with the multi-agent systems implementations of self-organising/adaptive
    algorithms such as particle swarm optimization (PSO) and ant colony optimization (ACO), for selfhealing
    grid (WP3);
  • Evaluate the applicability and effectiveness of these self-healing holonic architecture using case
    studies (WP6).